Faallo: Taariikhda Qalcada Taleex iyo caashaqa beesha Khaatumo Qallinkii Rashid Cabdiraxmaan Jaamac

Taariikhda Qalcada Taleex iyo caashaqa beesha  Khaatumo                                   Kooxdii Khaatumo ee qalcada iyo qabiilku iskaga qaldamay
Qalcada Taleex waxa dhismaheeda la dhameeyay 1913kii waxana dhisay niman Carab ah oo sancadaas ayagu soomaalida ku dhaama Jidali iyo Midhishana ayaguun baa dhisay, qeybe ka mid ah Taleex weli dhismaheedu waa socdey marku dagaalkii Dayuuradaa bilaabay 1919kii. Daraawiish qalcada Taleex wakhti badan ma dagin oo 1915kii waakii Xaaji Suudi ku taliyay in loo dhawaado dhulka xeebaa Sanaag iyo dhulkaas durdurada le , sidaasna lagu dagay Midhisho iyo Jidali.
Waxa qebyta Taleex ku soo hadhay Daraawiish u u sareeyay Aw Yuusuf Bare oon sidaas , wax weyn oo culus oo taariikh ah oo ay Taleex kaga duwantay qalcadaa kale ma jirin aan ahayn ka weynaantay ka weyntay iyo intaan qalcadaba la dhisin dhulka dagaankaas waxay Daraawiish dageen Xalin dagaalkii 1904kii ee Jidbaale ka dib. Taleex  oon qalcad laga dhisin 1913kii ka hor Daraawiish wey dageen oo Xallin baan waxba u jirin Taleex, waxa Taleex ku yaal 6 qudbi/xabaalo oo la dhisay qalcada ka hor .
Intii Kacaankii Afweyne iyo Aw Jaamac iyo Idaajaa ba qlinka u qaadeen Taleex iyo taariikhda cusub , waxa umad dhan oo la yidhaahdo Dhulbahante laga dhaadhiciyay in Taleex ayaga lagu xasuuqay, in Taleex ay ahayd meel ay Dhulbahante (qalcada) dagaan iyo in ayaga shakhsi ahaan dayaradu lagu gararcaay inkastooy meeshaba wakhtiga hore Daraawiish ka qixisay Dhulbahnate.
Taleexdan Dhulbahnate ku waashay nin Dhulbahnate ma ku dagaalamay?, Dhulbahnate se qalcada Taleex ay ku waasheen darajo ma ku lahaayeen?, 1920gii, Taleex ma Dhulbahnataa ku aasan qudbiyada ay dul baanaan?
Wixii kacaankii Afweyne ka danbeeyay Daarood lagu wada shubtay in qalcada Taleex 6da  qudbi 3 ka mid ah ay ku aasanyiin Cabulle Xasan( waa  Maxamed aabihii) iyo Carro Seed Magan oo hooyadii ah , qudbiga 3aadna waxa ku aasan bay yidhaahdaan faraskiisii Dhoodi-meer ama gabadh u dhaxday oo la oran jiray “maryama” waa taariikhii cusubaa ee la seemayay 1970yadii. Baryahan danbe dhowr jeer bay cajalado ka soo duubeen Taleex ayagoo is leh dadkiina qiiro galiya, laba cajaladood oo youtube ku jira, labada cajaladood waxay ku sheegeen qudbiyadaas dadka ku aasan sidatan:
1- “Sayidka” aabihii Cabdulle Xasan,
2- Hooyadii Carro-Timiro Seed Magan
3-  Faraskii Dhoodi-Meer (waa qudibiga Suldaan Nuur halkay faraska gashadeen).
3-   3da wadaad inta badan maba sheegaan ba se nin la yidhaahdo Xaaji Cali bay sheegaan .

Suaashii ahayd meeshan Dhulbahnate u waashay ee Taleex maxay ku sheegtaan, mida kale maxay Taleex kaga duwantay qalcadaa kale sida Jida Ali ama Midhisho hadii qabiil lagu sheeganayo kuwaasba reero kalaa daga dhulkay ku yaalaan , suaashii ugu danbaysay ee ah ma cid ayaga ah oo Daraawiish ahayd baa ku aasan waa maya, cid Dhulbahnate sheegata oo Daraawiish 3da qalacdood midna taariikh ku leh ma jiro, qalcada Taleex waxa laga ag dhisay qudbbiyadii nimankii taariikhda ku lahaa Daraawiish ama asaaskeedii ama dariiqadoodii Saaxliyada ahayd.

Nasiib wanaag 1931kii ayaa Ltd Taylor oo ahaa D.C gig Las Anod district sawiro iyo diraasad ku sameeyay qalcada Taleex isaga iyo W.A. MACFADYEN .

The Geographical Journal, Vol. 78, No. 2 (Aug., 1931), pp. 125-128 Published 1931
Macfadyen iyo Taylor waxay qoraalkooda iyo diraasadooda qalcada Taleex ku soo dareen 6da qudbi cida ku aasan waxayna u dhigeen sida tan :
South of the main cave-well is the considerable tomb of ‘Abdullah Hasan senior, well plastered inside and out; it is now said to be empty. Adjoining this on the west is a walled garden with massive gateway and guard-house; the rest ofthe wall is not more than 5 feet high and plastered. There are still odd bushes and signs of cultivation to be seen, but the comparatively deep well in the middle is dry. To the east lies a row of four tombs. The most northerly is that of one Soldan Nur of the Habr Yunis tribe; the next two, neither being plastered. and the first with the top left unfinished, are those of Hawiya notables whose names my Somalis did not know. The most southerly tomb is that of a man of the Habr Jaalo tribe. The isolated tomb still farther east is that of ‘AbdullahHasan’s mother. All the tombs are provided with narrow but very massive wooden doors, swinging about vertical extensions from top and base of one side. A little east of Soldan Nur’s tomb is a shallow nulla, seen as a dark line in the photograph, and known as Hed Kaldig, the Place of Blood. This was the execution ground where those to whom the Mullah had taken a dislike were shot, with or without torture. Had such anticipated trouble and escaped, any members of their families on whom hands could be laid, including women and children, are said to have been shot in their stead, and their bodies left for the hyaenas. After the capture of Taleh pious Somalis collected the quantities of human bones found hereabouts and gave them burial. However this may be there are no human bones about now.  Taleh by W.A. MACFADYEN 1931.

Ninka Taylor wuxu sawiradaas qaaday 1920’s kii waxanu baadhitaan ku sameeyay qalcada Taleex , dhismaheeda iyo qeybaheeda ,iyo cidii dhistay , sawirkaas korka waxa ka muuqda dhismayaasha waaweyn ee 3da ah ee sawirka dhanka bidix ka muuqda 3daasi waa Daar- ilaalo ,  waxa ka sii shisheeya waa 6 qudbi (waa 6da banka ku yaal daaraana ka fog) oo 3 ka mid ah cadcadyiin , 3dna dhexda ku jira oo isu dhawo , waxa qudbiyadaas ku aasan oo loo dhisay sidu sheegay Macfayden iyo Taylor oo dadkii wakhtigaas noolaa ka waraystay Daraawiish iyo qaar kale ba :

1- Maqaamka ugu weyn waa Cabdulle Xasan (Maxamed  aabihii) , se kuma aasana qalfoofii siday sheegeen dadkii maqaamka laga waraystay 1931kii markii baadhitaanka la samaynayay. Waana qudbiga u soo sokeeya ee midigta xiga ee cad ee ka shisheeya 3da dhimso ee waaweyn, oo waa faaruq .

2- Maqaamka  isna cad ee  dhexda  ku yaal kaligii (bidixda) ee ka sareeya 3da dhismo ee waaweyn , waa maqaamkii Suldaan Nuur Axmed Amaan kana mid ahaa asaasyaashii Daraawiishta.

3- 3daa qudbi ee bilaa nuurada (sawirka hoose ama ka sare) ah ee safan (hal mid baa saqafka nuurad ku le) waa 3dex nin oo wadaado ah oo Daraawiishta ugu cuslaa , 2 Hawiye weeye sida la sheegay 1 nina waa Habar Jeclo (ninka ugu qudbiga danbeeya) waxaanu ku aasanyay maqaamka inta sare nuuradaysan ee ugu danbeeya, ninkaas Habar Jeclo magaciisa waa la sheegay sidu qoraagu sheegay laakiin 2da nine e Hawiye magcyadooda dadkii la waraystay 1931 wey soo saari waayeen..

4- Qudbiga ugu fog ee waxa yar ka muuqdo ee Cad waa qudbigii lagu aasay Carro/Timiro Seed Magan , waa qudbiga wax yar ka dul bidhimaaya ka suldaan Nuur.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The next two, neither being plastered. and the first with the top left unfinished, are those of Hawiya notables whose names my Somalis did not know. The most southerly tomb is that of a man of the Habr Jaalo tribe.


A little east of Soldan Nur’s tomb is a shallow nulla, seen as a dark line in the photograph, and known as Hed Kaldig, the Place of Blood. This was the execution ground where those to whom the Mullah had taken a dislike were shot, with or without torture. Had such anticipated trouble and escaped, any members of their families on whom hands could be laid, including women and children, are said to have been shot in their stead, and their bodies left for the hyaenas. After the capture of Taleh pious Somalis collected the quantities of human bones found hereabouts and gave them burial. However this may be there are no human bones about now.

Wuxu kaluu sheegay Macfadyen , barta tooska ah ee madow ee Suldaan Nuur qudbigiisa ka horaysa inay tahay halkii dadka lagu qisaasi jiray oo la odhan jiray “Hed Kaldig” waa eri somali ah oo si qaldan u qoran se la garan karo macanihiisa. Wuxu yidhi markii ciidan beeleedkii 1920 qabsadeen Taleex , Daraawiishna yaacday ayaa dadkii ahlu diinka ahaa lafihii meeshaas intay ka gureen baryo dhan aasi jiray, oo Daraawiishtu marku nin ka baxo wixii Xarunta ku hadha ee dadkiisa ahaa caruur, dumar waxaasba waa la qisaasi jiray, bartaas qudbiga Nuur hortiisa ayaa laga tagi jiray waraabuuna ku cuni jiray. Maanta waydinkaa arkaya waxa guri laga dul dhisay xero-dhiigtii Daraawiishtu dadka ku qisaasi jiray.

Somalidu waxay ku maah maahdaa “wax kordhiso , wax l’aan bay dhashaa” sidii ay beeshaasi isu lahayd taariikh mac-mal ah samayysta ayay gaadheen heer manta waxooduba noqodo maad iyo mujaajalo.

Rashid Cabdiraxmaan Jaamac
gusuf78@hotmail.com

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